The Pentateuch refers to the first 5 books of the Bible: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy, also known as the books of The Law. But they contain much more than the laws God established for his people. They recount the story of the creation, God’s choosing Abraham as the father of his chosen people, and numerous epic stories about God’s people.
It is a part of the Torah, from a Hebrew word meaning “to instruct”. Often considered the Hebrew Bible, the Torah is divided into 3 main sections. The Law (the first 5 books of our Christian Bible), The Prophets, and The Writings (called the Talmud), which are Rabbinic writings that discuss or debate what the Torah means.
The word Pentateuch means five scrolls.
It comes from 2 Greek words Penta meaning five and teuchos, which we translate as scroll. It was important to the Jews, as it recorded history starting from Creation through their deliverance from Egypt, and explained what God expected of them, in both religious and everyday life. It is often considered a backbone for the rest of our Bible, theologically speaking.
Most reputable scholars agree that Moses wrote most of their content. Both Luke in Acts 3:22 and Paul in Romans 10:5 acknowledge Moses as the author. And even Christ himself referred to the Torah as “the law of Moses,” Luke 24:44. But regardless of who actually penned the original manuscripts, they record the words God spoke to his servant Moses.
Their inspiration is true and they have much to teach us.
[1st image by BlueLetterBible.org.]